|* SOLD |
Escort Station Wagon EV conversion
'92 Ford Escort sta-wgn, 5-speed, white body, heather interior,
108V US-125s, Curtis 1221B, GE motor w/ blower, built-in 120VAC K&W
BC20 charger, Goodyear GLS Invicta tires, tinted windows, power mirrors,
fold down rear seats, range: 45 miles @ 55mph / 35 miles city (worst case
driving), Top speed 65mph, and has SB50 connector in the rear hatch area
for optional fast charger.
Note: tinted rear windows
Rear view w/ hatch open. Note: fast charger cable
Rear battery compartment w/ carpeted lid open
Plush heather colored interior
Rear seats individually fold down for additional space
Passenger side front seating area
View from back seat area of front seating
Drivers view. Meters: Left - surface voltage Right - battery current
Short throw, easy shifting 5-speed, AM-FM radio
Front view hood open,
controller in the center
View of K&W BC20 charger & vacuum pump
Heater fluid tank
& curtis controller
Front side view hood open
Front side view hood closed
Charging cord plugs into where the gas inlet was
|Escort EV *
(At cost, No profit)
Tires, shocks, brakes, transmission are all handled the same as with
as gas car. I have found that with the reduced amount of daily driving
and less stress an EV puts on the vehicle, what could considered
'normal repairs' are much less often and easier to plan for.
When taking your EV to a gas repair shop, either allow you to drive
the EV into the stall or a quick overview of how to make it move can be
given (clutch in, foot on the brake, turn the key, it doesn't need
starting, it is already on, release the clutch and give it some accelerator.
I usually get "Hey that's easy enough!" hmm, nothing different).
If there were either a repair/add-on/upgrade performed to your EV, then
our local qualified EV mechanic is Mike's Auto Care http://geocities.com/evdriver
EV Tricks and Tips
With both my Blazer and Escort now using Goodyear GLS Invictas, 20%
above the nominal will increase your range, by reduce rolling loss.
Some people are let the clutch slip as like they were driving a gas
car (to keep the engine from dying). There is not engine to stall. I find
giving less acceleration, letting the clutch out quicker, and
then applying power with the accelerator is a smooth power transfer
that extends the life of the clutch.
There are many on the EV List that can discuss what their EV insurance
company is, what they cover, and what region they reside in.
I also have the $15/yr tow plus plan. This means that if you needed
a tow this plan would cover a 100 mi distance for free (but only a couple
of times per year). There are other insurance companies that
offer this, and one can have this tow plan membership without using
CSAA insurance (i.e.: XYZ insurance and CSAA membership tow plan). Betterworld
has a tow package as well.
The onboard K&W BC20 charger uses a standard 120VAC 20 amp outlet.
With this outlet, charging at 10amps, the EV will totlally recharge in
10 hours (8 hours to 80% or 4 miles per hour of charge, the final portion
of the charge cycle is slower at a lower current). With a 120VAC 30 amp
outlet with the charge set to a 20 amp charge current, the total recharge
time is 6 hours (4 hours to 80% or 8 miles per hour of charge, the final
portion of the charge cycle is slower at a lower current). If a additional
Zivan NG5 charger (using a 220VAC 40 amp outlet) were connected to the
fast charger port and the onboard charger used, the 80% recharge time is
A 108V system with flooded batteries needs to charge to at least 135V.
Each 6V battery is charged to 7.5V x 18 = 135V. This is an easily
understandable mistake since 18 x 6 = 108. After charge the batteries
should settle down at rest to about 119V. After driving, when the
batteries are at 108V (when NOT under load) you are more than half discharged.
If you have a newer battery charger, their chip inside will equalize
your batteries. Else, every 10 cycles is a good rule of thumb to equalize
your batteries. All this is explained in the Kitty Roden Trojan Battery
The battery posts are the round SAE automotive posts (solid stud). No
squishy stud with the bolt hole through the middle.
There two DC-DC converters under the body that provide the 12V power
for the lights, radio, wipers
and more. This means there is no aux 12V battery to maintain.
I find whether it is my power hungry, water slurping Blazer or outlet
nursing, water sipping Escort, checking and watering the EV once at the
end of the month is fine.
A trick that was given to me by a cool Electrician at one of my work
sites, is to make the watering easy. With his advise, I when to Home Depot,
bought a cheap plastic garden sprayer ($10), unscrewed the the
spray tip (now it squirts), and dedicate it to only be for watering
Distilled water is what I use, and recommend. Too many experiences and
reports are given to me of people that go cheap, using so called 'good
for batteries' water (either out of machines or the store. Distilled water
in the 1 gal container cost me $1.10. I use 1/4 of that for the Escort
on each watering. That's $.28 Don't be penny wise, and battery foolish.
Bat. 20 AH Wt. pack pack
range Cycle miles miles X cycles
type rate Lbs. volts
Wt. miles life /Lbs. /Lbs.
T-105 217 61
96 976 59.4 754 .06086
T-125 235 66
96 1056 64.3 650 .06089
Cycle Life test - T105 Wet cell battery
100%- . . .
| . |
. . .
80% - . |
. - 80%
60% - |
| . - 60%
| | .
| | .
| | .
Cycles 100 200
300 400 500
600 700 800
* Extrapolating for a T125, at 600 cycles you would be at 80% capacity.
Any future EV questions can be brought up and discussed on the EV List
12/99 DMV has now got the Escort in my name and put 4 Goodyear GLS
Invicta tires (balanced),
pack is broken in, EV is ready for sale to a good EV family.
11/99-7/99 minimum use of the EV, only to maintain it, as I wait and
wait for the DMV to
transfer the title.
7/99 After completion: arranged for a tow of EV to my home (battery
pack was too new to discharge
them too deeply, one should wait until they have been broken in.
6/99 US-125's have been ordered, Clare Bell of the Women's Racing team,
will be changing out the batteries and installing a 10 gauge cable pair
from the front battery connections to the rear interior area.
A SB50 connector will connect a 220V fast charger.